010108 - Dmitry
Anatolyevich Medvedev born September 14, 1965 in Leningrad, (today San
Petersburgo), is a Russian politician, businessman and lawyer who is
President Vladimir Putin's desired successor.
desde atrás y con firmeza
He was appointed first deputy prime minister of the Russian
government on November 14, 2005. Formerly
Vladimir Putin`s chief
of staff, he is also the Chairman of Gazprom's board of directors, a
post he has held (for the second time) since 2000. On December 10, 2007,
he was informally endorsed as a candidate for the upcoming presidential
elections by the largest Russian political party, United Russia, and
officially endorsed on December 17, 2007. Medevedev's candidacy is
supported by incumbent president Vladimir Putin and pro-presidential
parties. A recent poll found over 63% of Russians support Medvedev in
the upcoming elections. A technocrat and political appointee, Medvedev
has never held elective office.
Medvedev was born to a family of university teachers and raised in a
proletarian suburb of Leningrad — Kupchino.
He graduated from the Law Department of Leningrad State University
in 1987 (together with Ilya Yeliseyev, Anton Ivanov, Nikolay Vinnichenko
and Konstantin Chuychenko) and in 1990 got his PhD in private law from
the same university. Anatoly Sobchak, an early democrat politician of
80's and 90's, was one of his professors, and Medvedev later
participated in Sobchak's successful Saint Petersburg mayorial campaign.
In 1990 he worked in Leningrad Municipal Soviet of People's Deputies.
Between 1991 and 1999 he worked as a docent at his old university, now
renamed Saint Petersburg State University. In 1991 - 1996 Medvedev also
worked as a legal expert for the Committee for External Relations of the
Saint Petersburg Mayor's Office under Vladimir Putin.
In November 1993, Medvedev became the legal affairs director of Ilim
Pulp Enterprise, a St. Petersburg-based timber company. In 1998, he was
elected a member of the board of directors of the Bratskiy LPK paper
mill. He worked for Ilim Pulp until 1999.
In December 2005 Medvedev was named Person of the Year (Expert
magazine) by Expert magazine, influential and respected Russian business
weekly. He shared the title in 2005 with Alexei Miller, CEO of Gazprom.
Dmitry Medvedev is married and has a son named Ilya (born 1996). His
wife, Svetlana Vladimirovna Medvedeva née Linnik, was both his childhood
friend and school sweetheart. They wed several years after their
graduation from secondary school in 1982. He has a first cousin who
lives in the US.
Medvedev is one of the authors of a textbook on civil law for
universities first published in 1991 (the 6th edition of Civil Law. In 3
Volumes. was published in 2007) and which is regarded as "brilliant" by
many civil law scholars. He is the author of a textbook for universities
entitled, Questions of Russia's National Development, first published in
2007, concerning the role of the Russian state in social policy and
economic development. He is also the lead coauthor of a book of legal
commentary entitled, A Commentary on the Federal Law "On the State Civil
Service of the Russian Federation", scheduled for publication in 2008.
This work considers the Russian Federal law on the Civil Service, which
went into effect on July 27, 2004, from multiple perspectives -
scholarly, jurisprudential, practical, enforcement- and implementation-related.
Medvedev has often represented himself as a devoted fan of hard rock,
listing Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin as his favourite
bands. He is a collector of their original vinyl records and has
previously said that he has collected all of the recordings of Deep
Purple. As a youth, he made endless copies of their songs, although
these bands were then on the official state-issued blacklist.
Despite a busy schedule, he always reserves an hour each morning and
again each evening to swim and pump iron. He swims 1,500 meters (approximately
0.93 miles), twice a day. He also jogs, plays chess, and practices yoga.
Among his hobbies are reading the works of Mikhail Bulgakov, which had
been banned under Joseph Stalin, and following his hometown professional
soccer team, FC Zenit Saint Petersburg.
He keeps an aquarium in his office and cares for his fish himself
He is a fan of an Internet slang dialect common among
Russian youth, Olbanian (Russian: олбанский язык, transliteration:
olbansky yazyk), and has said he believes it should be studied in
schools to promote greater literacy in the Internet and modern culture
in Russia. He has said he believes in the legitimacy of alternative
languages used on the Internet.